What you need to know:You need to know the following:
Positivism and Interpretivism perspectives on methodology.
How to use a PGRAVE.
Key terms.When discussing research methods, you need to be aware of two different perspectives. Methodological perspective: This is what we will be discussing on this page (Interpretivism and Positivism). Theoretical perspective: These are the theories, such as Marxism, Feminism etc.
Generalisability: How true can the data reflect the whole world? Does it use men and women of all ages from all parts of the world? You need to explain how this effects your data. Validity: Does this experiment measure its hypothesis? Does it attempt to prove what it aims to. This does not mean the hypothesis has to be right, but if I am measuring rainfall in summer and go to a nearby field and count sheep…. it isn’t really helpful is it. Reliability: If you were to repeat the experiment, how easily could this be done? A good experiment has high reliability and is not a one trick pony. The great debate:When looking at research methods there are two point of views that you must consider (Positivist and Interpretivist). Now, these two types of people constantly argue over the direction of Sociology and how scientific the subject should be. You need to be aware of this debate and consider where the data you are using has come from.
PGRAVE To understand how to use a PGRAVE. Follow this link. It offers a structure as to how to succeed at your 16 marker.