This is technically a second year module, however, it is well worth it being your first as it gives you a massive advantage in actually understanding what you're learning. It's silly being required. To state what a Functionalist would say, if you don't know who functionalists are it is a lot harder.
This page will explore the different theories listed below: Click on one to be taken to the page.
The Sociological perspectives above fit in to Conflict or Consensus as a category.
Consensus is where a sociological perspective has a general agreement within society. A key example would be Functionalism, whereby regarding the Organic Analogy if everything in the body (and thus society) is working together there is harmony - this is explored in more depth under the Functionalism page.
Conflict is where a sociological perspective has conflict within society. A key example of this is Marxism, where the Proletariat and the Bourgeoisie are in conflict.